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DRAFTS

Below are drafts of NIST computer security publications--FIPS, Special Publications and NISTIRs--that have been released for public review and comment.

Nov 21, 2016

SP 800-187

DRAFT Guide to LTE Security

NIST invites comments on Draft NIST SP 800-187, Guide to LTE Security. Cellular technology plays an increasingly large role in society as it has become the primary portal to the Internet for a large segment of the population. One of the main drivers making this change possible is the deployment of 4th generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) cellular technologies. This document serves as a guide to the fundamentals of how LTE networks operate and explores the LTE security architecture. This is followed by an analysis of the threats posed to LTE networks and supporting mitigations. This document introduces high-level LTE concepts and discusses technical LTE security mechanisms in detail. Technical readers are expected to understand fundamental networking concepts and general network security. It is intended to assist those evaluating, adopting, and operating LTE networks, specifically telecommunications engineers, system administrators, cybersecurity practitioners, and security researchers.

Email comments to: LTEsecurity@nist.gov(Subject: "Comments on Draft SP 800-187")
Comments due by: December 22, 2016

Draft SP 800-187

Nov 07, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Project Description] Capabilities Assessment for Securing Manufacturing Industrial Control Systems

[Updated 12/2: deadline extended from 12/7 to 12/22]

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) has posted a draft Project Description on the topic of Capabilities Assessment for Securing Manufacturing Industrial Control Systems.

Industrial Control Systems (ICS) monitor and control physical processes in many different industries and sectors, especially in manufacturing. A cyber attack directed at a manufacturing organization's infrastructure could result in detrimental consequences to both human life and property. In collaboration with the NIST Engineering Laboratory (EL), the NCCoE will produce a series of reference designs demonstrating four cybersecurity capabilities for the manufacturing sector.

For this project, the NCCoE and EL will examine behavioral anomaly detection and prevention mechanisms, to support a multifaceted approach of counteracting cyber attacks against ICS devices that provide the functionality necessary to run manufacturing processes.

The goal is to provide industry with detailed information to establish an anomaly detection and prevention capability in their own environments. By implementing behavioral anomaly detection tools, manufacturers are provided with a key security component that will aid in sustaining business operations, particularly those based on ICS.

This project will result in a NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide and will be part one of a four-part series. While the reference design will focus on cybersecurity, the NCCoE example solution may also produce residual benefits to manufacturers for detecting anomalous conditions that are not security related. 

Email comments to: Manufacturing_NCCoE@nist.gov
Comments due by: December 22, 2016

Draft Project Description
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

Nov 02, 2016

SP 800-181

DRAFT NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework (NCWF): National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education

NIST is pleased to release the draft NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework (NCWF) - a reference resource that will allow our nation to more effectively identify, recruit, develop and maintain its cybersecurity talent. The framework provides a common language to categorize and describe cybersecurity work that will help organizations build a strong labor staff to protect systems and data.

The NCWF can be viewed as a cybersecurity workforce dictionary that will allow employers, educators, trainers, and those in the workforce to use consistent terms to describe cybersecurity work. It can serve as a reference resource to help organizations define and share information about the cybersecurity workforce in a detailed, consistent and descriptive way. NCWF was developed by the NIST-led National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) with strong leadership from the U.S. Departments of Defense and Homeland Security and is the culmination of many years of collaboration between industry, government and academia.

In addition to helping organizations educate, recruit, train and retain a qualified cybersecurity workforce, the NCWF will serve as a building block for the development of training standards, as well as for individual career planning. Federal agencies will soon be using the NCWF to identify their cybersecurity workforce as called for by the Federal Cybersecurity Workforce Assessment in the Cybersecurity Act of 2015.

The authors of the draft NIST SP 800-181 encourage readers to comment on the document, with an eye to ensuring that it applies to all cybersecurity workforce needs. Suggestions for new tasks and KSAs are encouraged so that the document will address all of our cybersecurity workforce needs.

Email comments to: ncwf@nist.gov(Subject: "Draft SP 800-181 Comments - NCWF")
Comments due by: January 6, 2017

Draft SP 800-181
Comment Template Form for Draft SP 800-181
NIST Press Release (NCWF)
NIST Press Release (CyberSeek)

Nov 02, 2016

SP 1800-6

DRAFT Domain Name Systems-Based Electronic Mail Security

NIST announces the release of draft Special Publication 1800-6, Domain Name Systems-Based Electronic Mail Security. NIST welcomes your comments and feedback (see links below for clinks to all supporting documentation for this draft).

Both public and private sector business operations are heavily reliant on email exchanges, leading to concerns about email security and the use of email as an attack vector. Organizations are motivated by the need to protect the integrity of transactions containing financial and other proprietary information, and to protect the privacy of employees and clients. Cryptographic functions are usually employed to perform services such as authentication of the source of an email message, assurance that the message has not been altered by an unauthorized party, and to ensure message confidentiality. Most organizations rely on mail servers to provide security at an enterprise level in order to provide scalability and uniformity. However, many server-based email security mechanisms are vulnerable to attacks involving faked or fraudulent digital certificates, otherwise invalid certificates, and failure to actually invoke a security process as a result of connection to (or through) a fraudulent server. Even if there are protections in place, some attacks have been able to subvert email communication by attacking the underlying support protocols such as Domain Name Systems (DNS). Attackers can spoof DNS responses to redirect email servers and alter email delivery. DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) was developed to prevent this. DNSSEC protects against unauthorized modifications to network management information and host IP addresses. DNSSEC can also be used to provide an alternative publication and trust infrastructure for service certificates using the DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) resource records.

SP 1800-6 describes several demonstrated security platforms using DNS, DNSSEC, and DANE for trustworthy email exchanges across organizational boundaries. The security platforms described provide reliable authentication of mail servers, digital signature and encryption of email, and reliable binding of cryptographic key certificates to sources and servers. The example solutions and architectures presented are based upon standards-based open-source and commercially available products.

Email comments to: dns-email-nccoe@nist.gov(Subject: "Comments on Draft SP 1800-6")
Comments due by: December 19, 2016

Draft SP 1800-6 (single file)
Draft SP 1800-6a: Executive Summary
Draft SP 1800-6b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics
Draft SP 1800-6c: How-To Guides
Submit Comments
Project Homepage (with links to HTML version)
Press Release

Oct 17, 2016

SP 800-121 Rev. 2

DRAFT Guide to Bluetooth Security

NIST announces the release of draft Special Publication 800-121 Revision 2 Guide to Bluetooth Security. This draft is the second revision to NIST SP 800-121, Guide to Bluetooth Security. Updates in this revision include an introduction to and discussion of Bluetooth 4.1, and 4.2 security mechanisms and recommendations, including Secure Connections for BR/EDR and low energy.

Email comments to: 800-121r2comments@nist.gov(Subject: "Comments on Draft SP 800-121 Rev.2")
Comments due by: December 5, 2016

Draft SP 800-121 Revision 2

Sep 30, 2016

NISTIR 8149

DRAFT Developing Trust Frameworks to Support Identity Federations

More and more, online service providers are struggling to find secure ways of verifying that their consumers are who they say they are while, at the same time, protecting their users' privacy. Some communities and organizations, that share common user bases and transaction types, are choosing to address these challenges by allowing their users to access multiple services through common login credentials. This approach -- known as federated identity management -- enables users to access multiple online organizations and services through shared authentication processes (instead of authenticating separately to each and every service provider).

This document provides an informational look at trust frameworks and explains what they are, what their components are, and how they relate to the concept of identity federation. In Draft NISTIR 8149, Developing Trust Frameworks to Support Identity Federations, NIST aims to educate communities that are interested in pursuing federated identity management, and provide a resource for them as they create the agreements and other components that will make up their trust frameworks. It includes guidance on determining roles in an identity federation, on what to consider from a legal standpoint, and on understanding the importance of establishing and recognizing conformance. Additionally, this document is intended to standardize the language around identity federation and trust frameworks in order to promote their widespread adoption.

Submitting Comments:

Commenters are STRONGLY encouraged to publicly collaborate with the NIST team, and with other participants, via the NISTIR 8149 GitHub pages.

OR, for those of you who prefer, we have provided a PDF version of NISTIR 8149 and traditional comment matrix for your use.

All comments, regardless of how they are provided to NIST, will be made public as a GitHub "issue".

The public comment period closed on November 1, 2016
Questions? Send email to : trustframeworks@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8149 (HTML on GitHub)
How to Submit Comments (GitHub)
Submitted Issues (GitHub)
Draft NISTIR 8149 (PDF)
Comment Template

Sep 30, 2016

NISTIR 8138

DRAFT Vulnerability Description Ontology (VDO): a Framework for Characterizing Vulnerabilities

NISTIR 8138 aims to describe a more effective and efficient methodology for characterizing vulnerabilities found in various forms of software and hardware implementations including but not limited to information technology systems, industrial control systems or medical devices to assist in the vulnerability management process. The primary goal of the described methodology is to enable automated analysis using metrics such as the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). Additional goals include establishing a baseline of the minimum information needed to properly inform the vulnerability management process, and facilitating the sharing of vulnerability information across language barriers.

This is the first draft of several anticipated drafts of a document intended to describe a methodology for characterizing vulnerabilities. It is not intended to be complete at this time and the authors do not expect that this draft reflects the full breadth and depth of the information needed to fully automate the descriptions for vulnerabilities. Reviewers are asked to provide feedback on terminology that is unclear, in conflict with established practice and are encouraged to provide feedback and examples where the current draft falls short in enabling the description of a vulnerability. Future drafts will be produced attempting to incorporate feedback consistent with the purpose of the document and the goal of improving the final version.

The public comment period closed on October 31, 2016
Questions? Send email to : nistir8138@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8138
Comment Template

Sep 15, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT Baldrige Cybersecurity Excellence Builder: Key questions for improving your organization's cybersecurity performance

The Baldrige Cybersecurity Excellence Builder (BCEB) is a voluntary self-assessment tool that enables organizations to better understand the effectiveness of their cybersecurity risk management efforts. It helps leaders of organizations identify opportunities for improvement based on their cybersecurity needs and objectives, as well as their larger organizational needs, objectives, and outcomes. Using this self-assessment, you can:

  • determine cybersecurity-related activities that are important to your business strategy and critical service delivery;
  • prioritize your investments in managing cybersecurity risk;
  • determine how best to enable your workforce, customers, suppliers, partners, and collaborators to be risk conscious and security aware, and to fulfill their cybersecurity roles and responsibilities;
  • assess the effectiveness and efficiency of your use of cybersecurity standards, guidelines, and practices;
  • assess the cybersecurity results you achieve; and
  • identify priorities for improvement.

Like the Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (Cybersecurity Framework) and the Baldrige Excellence Framework, the BCEB is not a one-size-fits-all approach. It is adaptable and scalable to your organization's needs, goals, capabilities, and environment. It does not prescribe how you should structure your organization's cybersecurity policies and operations. Through interrelated sets of open-ended questions, it encourages you to use the approaches that best fit your organization.

Specifically, feedback is sought on:

  • the relative value of different parts of the BCEB for assessing your cybersecurity risk management efforts,
  • perceived gaps in the BCEB, and
  • the user-friendliness of the BCEB.

Feedback on this draft will be incorporated into the version 1 release, scheduled for early 2017.

Email comments to: baldrigecybersecurity@nist.gov
Comments due by: December 15, 2016

(Draft) Baldridge Cybersecurity Excellence Builder
Baldrige Cybersecurity Initiative Homepage
Press Release

Sep 13, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Project Description] Authentication for Law Enforcement Vehicle Systems

[10/11/16 - The comment period has been extended to 11/10 (from 10/12).]

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) has posted a draft Project Description on the topic of Authentication for Law Enforcement Vehicle Systems.

Law enforcement vehicles often serve as mobile offices for officers. In-vehicle laptop(s) or other computer systems are used to access a wide range of software applications and databases hosted and operated by federal, state, and local agencies, with each typically requiring a different username and password. The operational environment presents unique security challenges, as officers must frequently leave the vehicle unattended, perhaps on short notice, and must be able to gain access to systems quickly, possibly while the vehicle is in motion. These needs discourage the use of screen locks and traditional single sign on solutions.

In collaboration with stakeholders, the NCCoE aims to demonstrate an integrated set of authentication mechanisms, improving system security, usability and safety. By integrating simplified identity and authentication technologies, based on proximity, biometrics, tokens, or other similar technologies, with readily available integrated reduced-sign-on (RSO) tools, law enforcement organizations can enhance mission effectiveness, improve officer safety, and, through more consistently applied security controls, reduce risk to sensitive back-end databases and systems. This project will also explore additional capabilities, such as proximity authentication, derived Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials, integration with FirstNet, and integration with vehicle drive-away protection and Computer Assisted Dispatch systems to indicate whether the officer is in the vehicle or not.

The public comment period closed on November 10, 2016
Questions? Send email to : lev-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft Project Description
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

Sep 12, 2016

NISTIR 8144

DRAFT Assessing Threats to Mobile Devices & Infrastructure: the Mobile Threat Catalogue

The Mobile Threat Catalogue outlines a catalogue of threats to mobile devices and associated mobile infrastructure to support development and implementation of mobile security capabilities, best practices, and security solutions to better protect enterprise information technology (IT). Threats are divided into broad categories, primarily focused upon mobile applications and software, the network stack and associated infrastructure, mobile device and software supply chain, and the greater mobile ecosystem. Each threat identified is catalogued alongside explanatory and vulnerability information where possible, and alongside applicable mitigation strategies.

Draft NISTIR 8144 provides background information on mobile information systems and their attack surface is provided to assist readers in understanding threats contained within the Mobile Threat Catalogue (see link below). The NISTIR also outlines the structure of the Mobile Threat Catalogue.

Mobile security engineers and architects can leverage these documents to inform risk assessments, build threat models, enumerate the attack surface of their mobile infrastructure, and identify mitigations for their mobile deployments.

The public comment period closed on October 12, 2016
Questions? Send email to : nistir8144@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8144
Mobile Threat Catalogue (GitHub)
Mobile Threat Catalogue (spreadsheet)
Press Release

Sep 07, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT Cybersecurity Framework Manufacturing Profile

A draft manufacturing implementation of the Cybersecurity Framework ("Profile") has been developed to establish a roadmap for reducing cybersecurity risk for manufacturers that is aligned with manufacturing sector goals and industry best practices. This Manufacturing "Target" Profile focuses on desired cybersecurity outcomes and can be used as a roadmap to identify opportunities for improving the current cybersecurity posture of a manufacturing system. This Manufacturing Profile provides a voluntary, risk-based approach for managing cybersecurity activities and reducing cyber risk to manufacturing systems. The Manufacturing Profile is meant to enhance but not replace current cybersecurity standards and industry guidelines that the manufacturer is embracing.

The public comment period closed on November 4, 2016
Questions? Send email to : csf_manufacturing_profile@nist.gov

Cybersecurity Framework Manufacturing Profile (Draft)
Comment Template

Aug 25, 2016

SP 800-188

DRAFT De-Identifying Government Datasets

NIST Requests Comments on a Draft Special Publication regarding the De-Identification of Government Datasets

De-identification removes identifying information from a dataset so that the remaining data cannot be linked with specific individuals. Government agencies can use de-identification to reduce the privacy risk associated with collecting, processing, archiving, distributing or publishing government data. Previously NIST published NISTIR 8053, De-Identification of Personal Information, which provided a survey of de-identification and re-identification techniques. This document provides specific guidance to government agencies that wish to use de-identification.

In developing the draft Privacy Risk Management Framework, NIST sought the perspectives and experiences of de-identification experts both inside and outside the US Government.

Future areas of work will focus on developing metrics and tests for de-identification software, as well as working with industry and academia to make algorithms that incorporate formal privacy guarantees usable for government de-identification activities.

The public comment period closed on September 26, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sp800-188-draft@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-188
Comment Template

Aug 16, 2016

SP 800-171 Rev. 1

DRAFT Protecting Controlled Unclassified Information in Nonfederal Information Systems and Organizations

Draft Special Publication 800-171, Revision 1, represents a limited update to the original publication released in June 2015. In particular, this update includes:

  • A clarification of the purpose and applicability statement;
  • Minor clarifications, additions, and adjustments to selected CUI requirements;
  • Guidance on the use of system security plans (SSPs) and plans of action and milestones (POAMs) to demonstrate the implementation or planned implementation of CUI requirements by nonfederal organizations;
  • Guidance on federal agency use of submitted SSPs and POAMs as critical inputs to risk management decisions and decisions on whether or not to pursue agreements or contracts with nonfederal organizations;
  • Additional definitions and terms for the glossary; and
  • The implementation of hyperlinks to facilitate ease of use in navigating the document.

Both markup and clean copies of the draft publication are provided to facilitate a more efficient reviewing process. The feedback obtained from this public review will be incorporated into a final publication targeted for release in the Fall 2016.

The public comment period closed on September 16, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sec-cert@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-171 Rev. 1
Mark-up Copy of Draft SP 800-171 Rev. 1

Aug 11, 2016

NISTIR 8114

DRAFT Report on Lightweight Cryptography

NIST-approved cryptographic standards were designed to perform well using general-purpose computers. In recent years, there has been increased deployment of small computing devices that have limited resources with which to implement cryptography. When current NIST-approved algorithms can be engineered to fit into the limited resources of constrained environments, their performance may not be acceptable. For these reasons, NIST started a lightweight cryptography project that was tasked with learning more about the issues and developing a strategy for the standardization of lightweight cryptographic algorithms. This report provides an overview of the lightweight cryptography project at NIST, and describes plans for the standardization of lightweight cryptographic algorithms.

The public comment period closed on October 31, 2016
Questions? Send email to : lightweight-crypto@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8114
Public comments received on Draft NISTIR 8114

Aug 04, 2016

SP 800-185

DRAFT SHA-3 Derived Functions: cSHAKE, KMAC, TupleHash, and ParallelHash

NIST SP 800-185 specifies four types of SHA-3-derived functions: cSHAKE, KMAC, TupleHash, and ParallelHash, each defined for a 128- and 256-bit security level. cSHAKE is a customizable variant of the SHAKE function, as defined in FIPS 202. KMAC (for KECCAK Message Authentication Code) is a pseudorandom function and keyed hash function based on KECCAK. TupleHash is a variable-length hash function designed to hash tuples of input strings without trivial collisions. ParallelHash is a variable-length hash function that can hash very long messages in parallel.

The public comment period closed on September 30, 2016
Questions? Send email to : SP800-185@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-185

Aug 01, 2016

NISTIR 8112

DRAFT Attribute Metadata

NIST invites comments on Draft NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8112, Attribute Metadata. This report proposes a schema intended to convey information about a subject's attribute(s) to allow for a relying party (RP) to:

  • Obtain greater understanding of how the attribute and its value were obtained, determined, and vetted;
  • Have greater confidence in applying appropriate authorization decisions to subjects external to the domain of a protected system or data;
  • Develop more granular access control policies;
  • Make more effective authorization decisions; and
  • Promote federation of attributes.

The schema can be used by relying parties to enrich access control policies, as well as during runtime evaluation of an individual's ability to access protected resources. We opted to publish this document as a NISTIR in an effort to treat it as an implementers' draft, an approach common in the development lifecycle of many private sector standards and specifications. This allows the developer and policy community, in both the public and private sectors, to apply some or all of the metadata in this NISTIR on a volunteer basis, and provide us with practical feedback gained through implementation experience. As such, we will be maintaining the public issues page beyond the initial 60-day period to continually receive input and iteratively improve the document in anticipation of a second revision.

Submitting Comments

Commenters are STRONGLY encouraged to publicly collaborate with the team and other participants via the GitHub pages for NISTIR 8112. We have posted details on how to submit comments on GitHub. Additionally, we are providing a PDF for offline reading, as well as a traditional comment matrix for those that prefer this approach. 

All comments, regardless of how they are provided to NIST, will be made public as a GitHub "issue."

The public comment period closed on September 30, 2016
Questions? Send email to : nsticworkshop@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8112 (HTML on GitHub)
How to Submit Comments (GitHub)
Submitted issues (GitHub)
Draft NISTIR 8112 (PDF)
Comment Template

Jul 27, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Project Description] Mobile Application Single Sign-On: for Public Safety and First Responders

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) has posted a draft Project Description on the topic of Mobile Application Single Sign-On: for Public Safety and First Responders.

On-demand access to public safety data is critical to ensuring that public safety and first responder (PSFR) personnel can deliver the proper care and support during an emergency. This requirement necessitates that PSFR personnel rely heavily on mobile platforms while in the field, which may be used to access sensitive information such as personally identifiable information, law enforcement sensitive information, or protected health information. The vast diversity of public safety personnel, missions, and operational environments presents unique challenges to implementing efficient and secure authentication mechanisms in order to protect access to this sensitive information.

This project seeks to demonstrate a reference design for multifactor authentication and mobile single sign-on for native and web applications, while improving interoperability between mobile platforms, applications, and identity providers irrespective of the application development platform used in their construction. Ultimately, this project and its example solution aims to help PSFR personnel efficiently and securely gain access to mission data via mobile devices and applications.

The public comment period closed on September 16, 2016
Questions? Send email to : psfr-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft Project Description
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

Jul 18, 2016

SP 800-126 Rev. 3

DRAFT The Technical Specification for the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP): SCAP Version 1.3

NIST invites comments on two draft publications on the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The first is Special Publication (SP) 800-126 Revision 3, The Technical Specification for the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP): SCAP Version 1.3. The second is SP 800-126A, SCAP 1.3 Component Specification Version Updates: An Annex to NIST Special Publication 800-126 Revision 3.

SP 800-126 Revision 3 and SP 800-126A collectively define the proposed technical specification for SCAP version 1.3, which is based on enhancements and clarifications to the SCAP 1.2 specification. SP 800-126A is a new publication that allows SCAP 1.3 to take advantage of selected minor version updates of SCAP component specifications, as well as designated Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language (OVAL) platform schema versions.

The public comment period closed on August 19, 2016
Questions? Send email to : 800-126comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-126 Rev. 3
Comment Template

Jul 18, 2016

SP 800-126A

DRAFT SCAP 1.3 Component Specification Version Updates: An Annex to NIST Special Publication 800-126 Revision 3

NIST invites comments on two draft publications on the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The first is Special Publication (SP) 800-126 Revision 3, The Technical Specification for the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP): SCAP Version 1.3. The second is SP 800-126A, SCAP 1.3 Component Specification Version Updates: An Annex to NIST Special Publication 800-126 Revision 3.

SP 800-126 Revision 3 and SP 800-126A collectively define the proposed technical specification for SCAP version 1.3, which is based on enhancements and clarifications to the SCAP 1.2 specification. SP 800-126A is a new publication that allows SCAP 1.3 to take advantage of selected minor version updates of SCAP component specifications, as well as designated Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language (OVAL) platform schema versions.

The public comment period closed on August 19, 2016
Questions? Send email to : 800-126comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-126A
Comment Template

Jun 23, 2016

SP 800-179

DRAFT Guide to Securing Apple OS X 10.10 Systems for IT Professionals: A NIST Security Configuration Checklist

NIST invites comments on Draft Special Publication 800-179, Guide to Securing Apple OS X 10.10 Systems for IT Professionals: A NIST Security Configuration Checklist. This publication assists IT professionals in securing Apple OS X 10.10 desktop and laptop systems within various environments. It provides detailed information about the security features of OS X 10.10 and security configuration guidelines. The publication recommends and explains tested, secure settings with the objective of simplifying the administrative burden of improving the security of OS X 10.10 systems in three types of environments: Standalone, Managed, and Specialized Security-Limited Functionality.

A template for submitting comments is available below.

The public comment period closed on August 15, 2016
Questions? Send email to : 800-179comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-179
Comment Template

Jun 06, 2016

SP 800-184

DRAFT Guide for Cybersecurity Event Recovery

NIST Draft Special Publication 800-184, Guide for Cybersecurity Event Recovery, is available for public comment. The purpose of this document is to support federal agencies in a technology-neutral way in improving their cyber event recovery plans, processes, and procedures. This publication provides tactical and strategic guidance regarding the planning, playbook developing, testing, and improvement of recovery planning. It also provides an example scenario that demonstrates guidance and informative metrics that may be helpful for improving resilience of the information systems.

A template for submitting comments is provided below.

The public comment period closed on July 11, 2016
Questions? Send email to : csf-recover@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-184
Comment Template

Jun 06, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Concept Paper] Identity and Access Management for Smart Home Devices

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) is seeking comments from industry on the challenges of identification, authentication, and authorization for devices in the Internet of Things (IoT) space; specifically requirements for authentication and authorization of autonomous non-person entities (NPE) found in smart home devices. Areas of interest include the following:

  • models for the lifecycle of IoT and/or smart home devices;
  • threat vectors and attack surfaces of smart home devices throughout their lifecycle;
  • using commercially available technology, methods for the identification, authentication, and authorization of smart home devices including:
    • core requirements in addressing these three capabilities;
    • implementation challenges;
    • potential security weaknesses or gaps;
    • mechanisms for NPE-to-NPE, NPE-to-Network, and NPE-to-Cloud authentication;
    • mechanisms for binding device, APIs, and user identity with applicable authentication contexts;
    • privacy risks to individuals raised by improving smart home device identification and authentication;
    • mechanisms that enable improved identification and authentication of smart home devices while maintaining individuals' privacy;
  • models for handling encryption on constrained devices; and
  • business cases for the identification, authentication, and authorization of smart home devices for which the NCCoE could build a demonstrable solution.

Based upon community feedback on these topics, the NCCoE will consider instantiating a project to engage in building an example solution using commercially available technology.

Comments due: None--comments accepted on an ongoing basis.
Submit comments using the link below.

Draft Concept Paper
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

Jun 01, 2016

NISTIR 8136

DRAFT Mobile Application Vetting Services for Public Safety: an Informal Survey

The creation of the nation's first public safety broadband network (FirstNet) will require the vetting of mobile apps to ensure they meet public safety's cyber security requirements. It will be beneficial for the public safety community to leverage the mobile application vetting services and infrastructures that already exist. The purpose of this document is to be an informal survey of existing mobile application vetting services and the features these services provide. It also relates these features for their applicability to the public safety domain. This document is intended to aid public safety organizations when selecting mobile application vetting services for use in analyzing mobile applications.

The public comment period closed on June 30, 2016
Questions? Send email to : MobileAppSurveyDraft@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8136

May 09, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Project Description] Securing Non-Credit Card, Sensitive Consumer Data: Consumer Data Security for the Retail Sector

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) has posted a draft Project Description on the topic of Securing Non-Credit Card, Sensitive Consumer Data.
 
Retailers easily gather sensitive data during typical business activities, such as date of birth, address, phone number, and email address, which can be used by various internal users and external partners to accelerate business operations and revenue. There has been an increase in the value of non-credit card, sensitive consumer data on the black market; however, there are relatively few regulations or standards specific to this topic in the consumer-facing/retail industry in the United States. As seen following high-profile data breaches in the healthcare sector, personally identifiable information (PII) is valued at up to 20 times more than credit card data, with a single credit card number sold at $1 and the average individual's PII sold at $20.
 
This project and its example solution will help secure non-credit card, sensitive consumer data through data masking and tokenization, coupled with fine-grained access control to improve the security of data transmitted and stored during commercial payment transactions, as well as data shared internally within a retail organization and externally with business partners.

The public comment period closed on June 3, 2016
Questions? Send email to : consumer-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft Project Description
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

May 09, 2016

Whitepaper

DRAFT [Project Description] Multifactor Authentication for e-Commerce: Online Authentication for the Retail Sector

The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) has posted a draft Project Description on the topic of Multifactor Authentication for e-Commerce.

As greater security control mechanisms are implemented at the point of sale, retailers in the United States may see a drastic increase in e-commerce fraud, similar to what has been widely observed in the UK and Europe following the rollout of EMV chip-and-PIN technology approximately ten years ago. Consumers, retailers, payment processors, banks, and card issuers are all impacted by the security risks of e-commerce transactions. Retailers bear the cost for fraudulent, card-not-present (CNP) transactions, motivating them to reduce fraud in order to avoid damage to their reputation and eliminate potential revenue losses, which have been estimated to be over $3 billion. Part of e-commerce fraud reduction includes an increased level of assurance in purchaser or user identity.

This project and its example solution will help reduce the risk of false online identification and authentication fraud for e-commerce transaction with multifactor authentication tied to existing web analytics and contextual risk calculation.

The public comment period closed on June 3, 2016
Questions? Send email to : consumer-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft Project Description
Submit Comments
Project Homepage

May 08, 2016

SP 800-63-3

DRAFT Digital Authentication Guideline (Public Preview)

[Updated: 11/30/2016]

NIST has initiated an effort to update Special Publication 800-63-2, Electronic Authentication Guideline. After a call for comments on SP 800-63-2 in 2015, NIST began drafting a revision of the Guideline, which is being reorganized into multiple parts:

SP 800-63-3    Digital Authentication Guideline
SP 800-63A    Enrollment and Identity Proofing Requirements
SP 800-63B    Authentication and Lifecycle Management
SP 800-63C    Federation and Assertions

SP 800-63-3 development will follow a four-phase approach:

Phase I - Initial Drafting (March-April) [completed]
Phase II - Public Preview (May-September) [completed]
Phase III - Public Comment (starting January 2017)
Phase IV - Document Finalization (mid-2017)

The Guideline is currently being prepared for the Public Comment phase (Phase III), comprising a traditional, extended public comment period.

Visit the links below to learn more:

SP 800-63-3 Development: Public Preview Site (GitHub)
Development Milestones
Public Preview Summary (blog)

Apr 13, 2016

SP 800-90C

DRAFT Recommendation for Random Bit Generator (RBG) Constructions

NIST invites comments on the second draft of Special Publication (SP) 800-90C, Recommendation for Random Bit Generator (RBG) Constructions. This Recommendation specifies constructions for the implementation of RBGs. An RBG may be a deterministic random bit generator (DRBG) or a non-deterministic random bit generator (NRBG). The constructed RBGs consist of DRBG mechanisms, as specified in SP 800-90A, and entropy sources, as specified in SP 800-90B.

On May 2-3, 2016, NIST hosted a workshop on Random Number Generation to discuss the SP 800-90 series of documents--specifically, SP 800-90B and SP 800-90C.

The public comment period closed on June 13, 2016
Questions? Send email to : rbg_comments@nist.gov

Second Draft SP 800-90C
Comment Template

Apr 12, 2016

NISTIR 8071

DRAFT LTE Architecture Overview and Security Analysis

NIST invites comments on Draft NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8071, LTE Architecture Overview and Security Analysis. Cellular technology plays an increasingly large role in society as it has become the primary portal to the Internet for a large segment of the population. One of the main drivers making this change possible is the deployment of 4th generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) cellular technologies. This document serves as a guide to the fundamentals of how LTE networks operate and explores the LTE security architecture. This is followed by an analysis of the threats posed to LTE networks and supporting mitigations. This document introduces high-level LTE concepts and discusses technical LTE security mechanisms in detail. Technical readers are expected to understand fundamental networking concepts and general network security. It is intended to assist those evaluating, adopting, and operating LTE networks, specifically telecommunications engineers, system administrators, cybersecurity practitioners, and security researchers.

The public comment period closed on June 1, 2016
Questions? Send email to : nistir8071@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8071
Comment Template

Mar 14, 2016

SP 800-154

DRAFT Guide to Data-Centric System Threat Modeling

NIST requests public comments on draft Special Publication (SP) 800-154, Guide to Data-Centric System Threat Modeling. Data-centric system threat modeling is a form of risk assessment that models aspects of the attack and defense sides for selected data within a system. Draft SP 800-154 provides information on the basics of data-centric system threat modeling so that organizations can use it as part of their risk management processes instead of relying solely on conventional "best practice" recommendations.

The public comment period closed on April 15, 2016
Questions? Send email to : 800-154comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-154
Comment Template

Feb 23, 2016

SP 800-53 Rev. 5

DRAFT Call for Comments: Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations

NIST Special Publication 800-53 Revision 5, Pre-Draft Call for Comments

Recognizing the importance of maintaining the relevance and currency of Special Publication (SP) 800-53, NIST will update Revision 4 to Revision 5 during calendar year 2016 beginning with this pre-draft request for comments. NIST seeks the input of SP 800-53 customers to ensure Revision 5 will continue to deliver a comprehensive security and privacy control set that addresses current threats, technologies, and environments of operation while remaining functional and usable.

To learn more, please visit the link below.

The public comment period closed on April 1, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sec-cert@nist.gov

SP 800-53 Rev. 5 (Pre-Draft Call for Comments)

Feb 18, 2016

SP 800-180

DRAFT NIST Definition of Microservices, Application Containers and System Virtual Machines

NIST requests public comments on Draft SP 800-180, NIST Definition of Microservices, Application Containers and System Virtual Machines. This document serves to provide a NIST-standard definition to application containers, microservices which reside in application containers and system virtual machines. Furthermore, this document explains the similarities and differences between a Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Microservices as well as the similarities and differences between System Virtual Machines and Application Containers.

The public comment period closed on March 18, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sec-cloudcomputing@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-180
Comment Template

Feb 02, 2016

NISTIR 8011 Vol. 1

DRAFT Automation Support for Security Control Assessments: Overview

NIST is pleased to announce the initial public draft release of NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8011, Automation Support for Security Control Assessments, Volumes 1 and 2. This NISTIR represents a joint effort between NIST and the Department of Homeland Security to provide an operational approach for automating security control assessments in order to facilitate information security continuous monitoring (ISCM), ongoing assessment, and ongoing security authorizations in a way that is consistent with the NIST Risk Management Framework overall and the guidance in NIST SPs 800-53 and 800-53A in particular.

NISTIR 8011 will ultimately consist of 13 volumes. Volume 1 introduces the general approach to automating security control assessments, 12 ISCM security capabilities, and terms and concepts common to all 12 capabilities. Volume 2 provides details specific to the hardware asset management security capability. The remaining 11 ISCM security capability volumes will provide details specific to each capability but will be organized in a very similar way to Volume 2.

The public comment period closed on March 18, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sec-cert@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8011 Vol. 1: Overview

Feb 02, 2016

NISTIR 8011 Vol. 2

DRAFT Automation Support for Security Control Assessments: Hardware Asset Management

NIST is pleased to announce the initial public draft release of NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8011, Automation Support for Security Control Assessments, Volumes 1 and 2. This NISTIR represents a joint effort between NIST and the Department of Homeland Security to provide an operational approach for automating security control assessments in order to facilitate information security continuous monitoring (ISCM), ongoing assessment, and ongoing security authorizations in a way that is consistent with the NIST Risk Management Framework overall and the guidance in NIST SPs 800-53 and 800-53A in particular.

NISTIR 8011 will ultimately consist of 13 volumes. Volume 1 introduces the general approach to automating security control assessments, 12 ISCM security capabilities, and terms and concepts common to all 12 capabilities. Volume 2 provides details specific to the hardware asset management security capability. The remaining 11 ISCM security capability volumes will provide details specific to each capability but will be organized in a very similar way to Volume 2.

The public comment period closed on March 18, 2016
Questions? Send email to : sec-cert@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8011 Vol. 2: Hardware Asset Management

Jan 27, 2016

SP 800-90B

DRAFT Recommendation for the Entropy Sources Used for Random Bit Generation

NIST announces the second draft of Special Publication (SP) 800-90B, Recommendation for the Entropy Sources Used for Random Bit Generation. This Recommendation specifies the design principles and requirements for the entropy sources used by Random Bit Generators, and the tests for the validation of entropy sources. These entropy sources are intended to be combined with Deterministic Random Bit Generator mechanisms that are specified in SP 800-90A to construct Random Bit Generators, as specified in SP 800-90C. NIST is planning to host a workshop on Random Number Generation to discuss the SP 800-90 series, specifically, SP 800-90B and SP 800-90C. More information about the workshop is available at: http://www.nist.gov/itl/csd/ct/rbg_workshop2016.cfm.

The specific areas where comments are solicited on SP 800-90B are:

  • Post-processing functions (Section 3.2.2): We provided a list of approved post-processing functions. Is the selection of the functions appropriate?
  • Entropy assessment (Section 3.1.5): While estimating the entropy for entropy sources using a conditioning component, the values of n and q are multiplied by the constant 0.85. Is the selection of this constant reasonable?
  • Multiple noise sources: The Recommendation only allows using multiple noise sources if the noise sources are independent. Should the use of dependent noise sources also be allowed, and if so, how can we calculate an entropy assessment in this case?
  • Health Tests: What actions should be taken when health tests raise an alarm? The minimum allowed value of a type I error for health testing is selected as 2-50. Is this selection reasonable?

The public comment period closed on May 9, 2016
Questions? Send email to : rbg_comments@nist.gov

Second Draft SP 800-90 B
Comment Template
NIST Press Release

Dec 28, 2015

SP 800-116 Rev. 1

DRAFT A Recommendation for the Use of PIV Credentials in Physical Access Control Systems (PACS)

NIST announces the release of Draft Special Publication (SP) 800-116 Revision 1, A Recommendation for the Use of PIV Credentials in Physical Access Control Systems (PACS), and requests public comments. It provides best practice guidelines for integrating the PIV Card with the physical access control systems (PACS) that authenticate the cardholders in federal facilities. The document also recommends a risk-based approach for selecting appropriate PIV authentication mechanisms to manage physical access to federal government facilities and assets.

Revision 1 updates SP 800-116 to align with FIPS 201-2. High-level changes include:

  • Addition of the OCC-AUTH authentication mechanisms introduced in FIPS 201-2.
  • In light of the deprecation of the CHUID authentication mechanism in FIPS 201-2 and its expected removal in the next revision of FIPS 201:
    • Removal of the CHUID +VIS authentication mechanism from the list of recommended authentication mechanisms.
    • Addition of a new section (5.3.1) titled "Migrating Away from the Legacy CHUID Authentication Mechanism" to aid in the transition away from the CHUID + VIS authentication mechanism.
    • In coordination with OMB, added text indicating that the use of the CHUID authentication mechanism past September 2019 requires the official that signs an Authorization to Operate (ATO) to indicate acceptance of the risks.
    • Addition of a new appendix titled "Improving Authentication Transaction Times" to aid transiting away from the weak CHUID authentication mechanism to stronger but computationally expensive cryptographic one-factor authentication (PKI-CAK).
  • Addition of a new section (5.4) titled "PIV Identifiers" and a summary table with pro and cons to describe the identifiers available on the PIV Card that can map to a PACS's access control list.
  • In coordination with the Interagency Security Committee (ISC), replaced the Department of Justice's "Vulnerability Assessment Report of Federal Facilities" document with the ISC's document titled "Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities" to aid deriving the security requirement for facilities.

The public comment period closed on March 1, 2016
Questions? Send email to : piv_comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-116 Rev. 1
Comment Template

Dec 17, 2015

NISTIR 8085

DRAFT Forming Common Platform Enumeration (CPE) Names from Software Identification (SWID) Tags

This report provides guidance to associate SWID Tags with the CPE specification. The publication is intended as a supplement to NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8060, Guidelines for the Creation of Interoperable Software Identification (SWID) Tags. NISTIR 8060 shows how SWID tags, as defined by the ISO/IEC 19770-2 standard, support comprehensive software asset management and cybersecurity procedures throughout a software product's deployment lifecycle.

The Common Platform Enumeration (CPE) is a standardized method of naming classes of applications, operating systems, and hardware devices that may be present on computing devices. CPE is one of 11 specifications that are part of the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) Version 1.2. Because CPE names are used extensively in the SCAP and related vulnerability management community use cases (including the National Vulnerability Database, or NVD), SWID tag derived CPE names are useful to associate vulnerability reports with vulnerability reports that reference software products that may be vulnerable. NISTIR 8085 supplies a consistent, automatic procedure for forming CPE names using pertinent SWID tag attribute values.

[Note: The email used for providing public comments is the same as the email used for NISTIR 8060.]

The public comment period closed on January 8, 2016
Questions? Send email to : nistir8060-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8085

Nov 02, 2015

SP 1800-4

DRAFT Mobile Device Security: Cloud and Hybrid Builds

Mobile devices allow employees to access information resources wherever they are, whenever they need. The constant Internet access available through a mobile device's cellular and Wi-Fi connections has the potential to make business practices more efficient and effective. As mobile technologies mature, employees increasingly want to use mobile devices to access corporate enterprise services, data, and other resources to perform work-related activities. Unfortunately, security controls have not kept pace with the security risks that mobile devices can pose.

If sensitive data is stored on a poorly secured mobile device that is lost or stolen, an attacker may be able to gain unauthorized access to that data. Even worse, a mobile device with remote access to sensitive organizational data could be leveraged by an attacker to gain access to not only that data, but also any other data that the user is allowed to access from that mobile device. The challenge lies in ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the information that a mobile device accesses, stores, and processes. Despite the security risks posed by today's mobile devices, enterprises are under pressure to accept them due to several factors, such as anticipated cost savings and employees' demand for more convenience.

Solution

The NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide, Mobile Device Security: Cloud and Hybrid Builds, demonstrates how commercially available technologies can meet your organization's needs to secure sensitive enterprise data accessed by and/or stored on employees' mobile devices.

In our lab at the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE), we built an environment based on typical mobile devices and an enterprise email, calendaring, and contact management solution.

We demonstrate how security can be supported throughout the mobile device lifecycle. This includes how to:

  • configure a device to be trusted by the organization
  • maintain adequate separation between the organization's data and the employee's personal data stored on or accessed from the mobile device
  • handle the de-provisioning of a mobile device that should no longer have enterprise access (e.g., device lost or stolen, employee leaves the company.

The public comment period closed on January 8, 2016
Questions? Send email to : mobile-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft SP 1800-4a: Executive Summary (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-4a: Executive Summary (HTML5)
Draft SP 1800-4b:: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-4b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics (HTML5)
Draft SP 1800-4c: How-To Guides (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-4c: How To Guides (HTML5)
Draft SP 1800-4: Zip File includes all volumes & including supplemental files
Submit Comments
Project Homepage
NIST Press Release

Oct 26, 2015

SP 1800-5

DRAFT IT Asset Management: Financial Services

NIST's NCCoE program is excited to announce the release of the latest NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide, "IT Asset Management" for the Financial Services sector. The document is a draft, and NIST welcomes your comments and feedback (see links below for comment form page).

What's the guide about?

Financial institutions deploy a wide array of information technology devices, systems, and applications across a wide geographic area. While these physical assets can be labeled and tracked using bar codes and databases, understanding and controlling the cybersecurity resilience of those systems and applications is a much larger challenge. Not being able to track the location and configuration of networked devices and software can leave an organization vulnerable to security threats. Additionally, many financial organizations include subsidiaries, branches, third-party partners, and contractors as well as temporary workers and guests; tracking and managing hardware and software across these groups adds another layer of complexity.

To address this cybersecurity challenge, NCCoE security engineers developed an example solution that allows an organization to centrally monitor and gain deeper insight into their entire IT asset portfolio with an automated platform. Using open source and commercially available technologies, this example solution addresses questions such as "What operating systems are our laptops running?" and "Which devices are vulnerable to the latest threat?"

The example solution gives companies the ability to track, manage, and report on information assets throughout their entire life cycle. This can ultimately increase cybersecurity resilience by enhancing the visibility of assets, identifying vulnerable assets, enabling faster response to security alerts, revealing which applications are actually being used, and reducing help desk response times.

The public comment period closed on January 8, 2016
Questions? Send email to : financial_nccoe@nist.gov

Draft SP 1800-5a: Executive Summary (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-5a: Executive Summary (HTML5)
Draft SP 1800-5b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-5b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristic (HTML5)
Draft SP 1800-5c: How-To Guides (PDF)
Draft SP 1800-5c: How-To Guides (HTML5)
Submit Comments
Project Homepage
NIST Press Release

Sep 29, 2015

SP 1800-3

DRAFT Attribute Based Access Control

NIST requests public comments on Draft NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide 1800-3, Attribute Based Access Control.

Most businesses today use Role Based Access Control (RBAC) to assign access to networks and systems based on job title or defined role. But if an employee changes roles or leaves the company, an administrator must manually change access rights accordingly-perhaps within several systems. As organizations expand and contract, partner with external vendors or systems, and modernize systems, this method of managing user access becomes increasingly difficult and inefficient.

To help address this growing cybersecurity challenge and support the next generation of identity management, security engineers at the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) developed a reference design for an Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC) system. ABAC is an advanced method for managing access rights for people and systems connecting to networks and assets, offering greater efficiency, flexibility, scalability, and security. In fact, Gartner recently predicted that "by 2020, 70% of enterprises will use attribute-based access control...as the dominant mechanism to protect critical assets, up from less than 5% today."

This newly available practice guide provides IT and security engineers with critical information they can use to recreate the example solution with the same or similar technologies. Our solution is guided by NIST standards and industry best practices.

The public comment period closed on December 4, 2015
Questions? Send email to : abac-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft SP 1800-3a: Executive Summary
Draft SP 1800-3b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics
Draft SP 1800-3c: How-To Guides
All files (.zip)
Project Homepage
NIST Press Release

Aug 25, 2015

SP 1800-2

DRAFT Identity and Access Management for Electric Utilities

The NCCoE has released a draft the latest NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide 1800-2, Identity and Access Management for Electric Utilities, and invites you to download the draft and provide feedback.

The electric power industry is upgrading older, outdated infrastructure to take advantage of emerging technologies, but this also means greater numbers of technologies, devices, and systems connecting to the grid that need protection from physical and cybersecurity attacks. Additionally, many utilities run identity and access management (IdAM) systems that are decentralized and controlled by numerous departments. Several negative outcomes can result from this: an increased risk of attack and service disruption, an inability to identify potential sources of a problem or attack, and a lack of overall traceability and accountability regarding who has access to both critical and noncritical assets.

To help the energy sector address this cybersecurity challenge, security engineeres at the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) developed an example solution that utilities can use to more securely and efficiently manage access to the networked devices and facilities upon which power generation, transmission, and distribution depend. The solution demonstrates a centralized IdAM platform that can provide a comprehensive view of all users within the enterprise across all silos, and the access rights users have been granted, using multiple commercially available products.

Electric utilities can use some or all of the guide to implement a centralized IdAM system using NIST and industry standards, including North American Electric Reliability Corporation's (NERC) Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). Commercial, standards-based products, like the ones we used, are easily available and interoperable with commonly used information technology infrastructure and investments.

The public comment period closed on October 23, 2015
Questions? Send email to : energy_nccoe@nist.gov

Draft SP 1800-2a: Executive Summary
Draft SP 1800-2b: Approach, Architecture, and Security Characteristics
Draft SP 1800-2c: How-To Guides
Supplemental Files (.zip)
All Files (.zip)
Project Homepage
NIST Press Release

Jul 28, 2015

SP 1800-1

DRAFT Securing Electronic Health Records on Mobile Devices

NIST announces the public comment period for Draft NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide SP 1800-1, Securing Electronic Health Records on Mobile Devices.

The use of mobile devices in health care sometimes outpaces the privacy and security protections on those devices. Stolen personal information can have negative financial impacts, but stolen medical information cuts to the very core of personal privacy. Medical identity theft already costs billions of dollars each year, and altered medical information can put a person's health at risk through misdiagnosis, delayed treatment, or incorrect prescriptions.

Cybersecurity experts at the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) collaborated with health care industry leaders and technology vendors to develop an example solution to show health care organizations how they can secure electronic health records on mobile devices. The guide provides IT implementers and security engineers with a detailed architecture so that they can recreate the security characteristics of the example solution with the same or similar technologies. Our solution is guided by relevant standards and best practices from NIST and others, including those in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security Rule.

The public comment period closed on September 25, 2015
Questions? Send email to : HIT_NCCoE@nist.gov

Draft SP 1800-1a: Executive Summary
Draft SP 1800-1b: Approach, Architecture and Security Characteristics
Draft SP 1800-1c: How-To Guides
Draft SP 1800-1d: Standards and Controls Mapping
Draft SP 1800-1e: Risk Assessment and Outcomes
All files (.zip)
Project Homepage
NIST Press Release

May 28, 2015

NISTIR 8062

DRAFT Privacy Risk Management for Federal Information Systems

NIST requests comments on the draft report NISTIR 8062, Privacy Risk Management for Federal Information Systems, which describes a privacy risk management framework for federal information systems. The framework provides the basis for establishing a common vocabulary to facilitate better understanding of - and communication about - privacy risks and the effective implementation of privacy principles in federal information systems.

Background:

Expanding opportunities in cloud computing, big data, and cyber-physical systems are bringing dramatic changes to how we use information technology. While these technologies bring advancements to U.S. national and economic security and our quality of life, they also pose risks to individuals' privacy.

Privacy Risk Management for Federal Information Systems (NISTIR 8062) introduces a privacy risk management framework for anticipating and addressing risks to individuals' privacy. In particular, it focuses on three privacy engineering objectives and a privacy risk model. To develop this document, NIST conducted significant public outreach and research. We are soliciting public comments on this draft to obtain further input on the proposed privacy risk management framework, and we expect to publish a final report based on this additional feedback.

Note to Reviewers:

To facilitate public review, we have compiled a number of topics of interest to which we would like reviewers to respond. Please keep in mind that it is not necessary to respond to all topics listed below, Reviewers should also feel free to suggest other areas of revision or enhancement to the document.

  • Privacy Risk Management Framework: Does the framework provide a process that will help organizations make more informed system development decisions with respect to privacy? Does the framework seem likely to help bridge the communication gap between technical and non-technical personnel? Are there any gaps in the framework?
  • Privacy Engineering Objectives: Do these objectives seem likely to assist system designers and engineers in building information systems that are capable of supporting agencies' privacy goals and requirements? Are there properties or capabilities that systems should have that these objectives do not cover?
  • Privacy Risk Model:
    • Does the equation seem likely to be effective in helping agencies to distinguish between cybersecurity and privacy risks?
    • Can data actions be evaluated as the document proposes? Is the approach of identifying and assessing problematic data actions usable and actionable?
    • Should context be a key input to the privacy risk model? If not, why not? If so, does this model incorporate context appropriately? Would more guidance on the consideration of context be helpful?
    • The NISTIR describes the difficulty of assessing the impact of problematic data actions on individuals alone, and incorporates organizational impact into the risk assessment. Is this appropriate or should impact be assessed for individuals alone? If so, what would be the factors in such an assessment

The public comment period closed on July 31, 2015
Questions? Send email to : privacyeng@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8062
Comment Template

May 01, 2015

NISTIR 8058

DRAFT Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) Version 1.2 Content Style Guide: Best Practices for Creating and Maintaining SCAP 1.2 Content

NIST announces the public comment release of NIST Internal Report (NIST IR 8058), Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) Version 1.2 Content Style Guide: Best Practices for Creating and Maintaining SCAP 1.2 Content. SCAP is a suite of specifications that standardize the format and nomenclature by which software flaw and security configuration information is communicated, both to machines and humans. Over time, certain stylistic conventions regarding the authoring of SCAP 1.2 content have become best practices. They improve the quality of SCAP content in several ways, such as improving the accuracy and consistency of results, avoiding performance problems, reducing user effort, lowering content maintenance burdens, and enabling content reuse. This document has been created to capture the best practices and encourage their use by SCAP content authors and maintainers.

The public comment period closed on July 1, 2015
Questions? Send email to : NISTIR8058-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8058

Apr 02, 2015

NISTIR 8050

DRAFT Executive Technical Workshop on Improving Cybersecurity and Consumer Privacy: Summary and Next Steps

Draft NISTIR 8050 summarizes the Executive Technical Workshop on Improving Cybersecurity and Consumer Privacy, held in collaboration with Stanford University, which brought together chief technology officers, information officers, and security executives to discuss the challenges their organizations and industries face in implementing advanced cybersecurity and privacy technologies.

The public comment period closed on July 17, 2015
Questions? Send email to : consumer-nccoe@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8050

Oct 20, 2014

SP 800-125A

DRAFT Security Recommendations for Hypervisor Deployment

NIST announces the public comment release of NIST Special Publication 800-125A, Security Recommendations for Hypervisor Deployment. Server Virtualization (enabled by Hypervisor) is finding widespread adoption in enterprise data centers both for hosting in-house applications as well as for providing computing resources for cloud services. The hypervisor provides abstraction of all physical resources (such as CPU, Memory, Network and Storage) and thus enables multiple computing stacks (each consisting of an O/S (called Guest O/S), Middleware and a set of Application programs) to be run on a single physical host (referred to virtualized host or hypervisor host).

Since the NIST publication of SP 800-125 (Guide to Security for Full Virtualization Technologies) in January 2011, both the feature set of hypervisors as well as the tools for configuration and administration of virtualized infrastructure spawned by the hypervisor has seen considerable increase. This has generated the need to develop security recommendations for secure deployment of hypervisor platforms. This special publication defines a focused set of twenty-two security recommendations (in terms of architectural choices and configuration settings), intended to ensure secure execution of tasks performed by the hypervisor components under the umbrella of five baseline functions.

The public comment period closed on November 10, 2014.

The public comment period closed on November 10, 2014
Questions? Send email to : mouli@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-125A

Aug 06, 2014

SP 800-85B-4

DRAFT PIV Data Model Test Guidelines

NIST has produced a revised version of NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-85B, PIV Data Model Conformance Test Guidelines. The revisions include additional tests necessary to test new features added to the PIV Data Model in SP 800-73-4 Parts 1. This document, after a review and comment period, will be published as NIST SP 800-85B-4.

NOTE: NIST has made a one-time change in the revision number of SP 800-85B (skipping revision numbers 2 and 3) so we can align the current publication revision to SP 800-73-4.

The public comment period closed on September 5, 2014
Questions? Send email to : piv_comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-85B-4
Comment Template

Jun 23, 2014

NISTIR 8006

DRAFT NIST Cloud Computing Forensic Science Challenges

This document summarizes the research performed by the members of the NIST Cloud Computing Forensic Science Working Group, and aggregates, categorizes and discusses the forensics challenges faced by experts when responding to incidents that have occurred in a cloud-computing ecosystem. The challenges are presented along with the associated literature that references them. The immediate goal of the document is to begin a dialogue on forensic science concerns in cloud computing ecosystems. The long-term goal of this effort is to gain a deeper understanding of those concerns (challenges) and to identify technologies and standards that can mitigate them.

The public comment period closed on August 25, 2014
Questions? Send email to : nistir8006@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 8006
Comment Template

May 29, 2014

NISTIR 7924

DRAFT Reference Certificate Policy

NIST announces the public comment release of second draft of NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7924, Reference Certificate Policy. The purpose of this document is to identify a set of security controls and practices to support the secure issuance of certificates. It was written in the form of a Certificate Policy (CP), a standard format for defining the expectations and requirements of the relying party community that will trust the certificates issued by its Certificate Authorities (CAs).

NIST released the first draft of this publication in April 2013 and received extensive public comments. This revised draft incorporates changes requested by commenters, many intended to improve the security controls identified in the document, provide additional flexibility for CAs, and clarify ambiguities in the previous release.

The public comment period closed on August 1, 2014
Questions? Send email to : nistir7924-comments@nist.gov

Second Draft NISTIR 7924
Comment Template

Mar 14, 2014

SP 800-16 Rev. 1

DRAFT A Role-Based Model for Federal Information Technology/Cybersecurity Training

NIST announces the release of Draft Special Publication (SP) 800- 16 Revision 1 (3rd public draft), A Role-Based Model For Federal Information Technology/Cyber Security Training for public comment. SP 800-16 describes information technology / cyber security role-based training for Federal Departments and Agencies and Organizations (Federal Organizations). Its primary focus is to provide a comprehensive, yet flexible, training methodology for the development of training courses or modules for personnel who have been identified as having significant information technology / cyber security responsibilities.

The public comment period closed on April 30, 2014
Questions? Send email to : sp80016-comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-16 Rev. 1 (3rd draft)

Mar 07, 2014

NISTIR 7981

DRAFT Mobile, PIV, and Authentication

NIST announces public comment release of NISTIR 7981, Mobile, PIV, and Authentication. NIST IR 7981 analysis and summarizes various current and near-term options for remote authentication with mobile devices that leverage both the investment in the PIV infrastructure and the unique security capabilities of mobile devices.

The public comment period closed on April 21, 2014
Questions? Send email to : piv_comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 7981
Comment Template

May 05, 2013

SP 500-299

DRAFT NIST Cloud Computing Security Reference Architecture

The NIST Cloud Computing Security Working Group (NCC-SWG) issued Draft SP 500-299, NIST Cloud Computing Security Reference Architecture, in May 2013. See the NCC-SWG homepage for additional details.

NIST Cloud Computing Security Working Group homepage
Draft SP 500-299

Oct 31, 2012

SP 800-164

DRAFT Guidelines on Hardware-Rooted Security in Mobile Devices

NIST announces the public comment release of the draft NIST SP 800-164, Guidelines on Hardware-Rooted Security in Mobile Devices . The guidelines in this document are intended to provide a common baseline of security technologies that can be implemented across a wide range of mobile devices to help secure organization-issued mobile devices as well as devices brought into an organization, such as personally-owned devices used in enterprise environments (e.g., Bring Your Own Device, BYOD). It focuses on providing three security capabilities- device integrity, isolation, and protected storage- through the use of hardware-based roots of trust.

The intended audience for this document includes mobile Operating System (OS) vendors, device manufacturers, security software vendors, carriers, application software developers and information system security professionals who are responsible for managing the mobile devices in an enterprise environment.

The public comment period closed on December 14, 2012
Questions? Send email to : 800-164comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-164

Jul 25, 2012

SP 800-94 Rev. 1

DRAFT Guide to Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS)

NIST announces the public comment release of Draft Special Publication (SP) 800-94 Revision 1, Guide to Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS). This publication describes the characteristics of IDPS technologies and provides recommendations for designing, implementing, configuring, securing, monitoring, and maintaining them. The types of IDPS technologies are differentiated primarily by the types of events that they monitor and the ways in which they are deployed. This publication discusses the following four types of IDPS technologies: network-based, wireless, network behavior analysis (NBA), and host-based. Draft SP 800-94 Revision 1 updates the original SP 800-94, which was released in 2007.

The public comment period closed on August 31, 2012
Questions? Send email to : 800-94comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-94 Rev. 1

May 07, 2012

NISTIR 7848

DRAFT Specification for the Asset Summary Reporting Format 1.0

NIST announces the public comment release of Draft NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7848, Specification for the Asset Summary Reporting Format 1.0. NISTIR 7848 defines the Asset Summary Reporting (ASR) format version 1.0, a data model for expressing the data exchange format of summary information relative to one or more metrics. ASR reduces the bandwidth requirement to report information about assets in the aggregate since it allows for reporting aggregates relative to metrics, as opposed to reporting data about each individual asset, which can lead to a bloated data exchange. ASR is vendor neutral and leverages widely adopted, open specifications; it is flexible, and suited for a wide variety of reporting applications.

The public comment period closed on June 6, 2012
Questions? Send email to : asr-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 7848

Jan 20, 2012

NISTIR 7800

DRAFT Applying the Continuous Monitoring Technical Reference Model to the Asset, Configuration, and Vulnerability Management Domains

NIST announces the public comment release of Draft NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7800, Applying the Continuous Monitoring Technical Reference Model to the Asset, Configuration, and Vulnerability Management Domains. This publication binds together the Continuous Monitoring workflows and capabilities described in NIST IR 7799 to specific data domains. It focuses on the Asset Management, Configuration and Vulnerability data domains. It leverages the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) version 1.2 for configuration and vulnerability scan content, and it dictates reporting results in an SCAP-compliant format. This specification describes an overview of the approach to each of the three domains, how they bind to specific communication protocols, and how those protocols interact. It then defines the specific requirements levied upon the various capabilities of the subsystems defined in NIST IR 7799 that enable each data domain.

The public comment period closed on February 17, 2012
Questions? Send email to : fe-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 7800

Jan 06, 2012

SP 800-117 Rev. 1

DRAFT Guide to Adopting and Using the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) Version 1.2

NIST announces the public comment release of draft Special Publication (SP) 800-117 Revision 1, Guide to Adopting and Using the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) Version 1.2. The purpose of this document is to provide an overview of SCAP version 1.2. This document discusses SCAP at a conceptual level, focusing on how organizations can use SCAP-enabled tools to enhance their security posture. It also explains to IT product and service vendors how they can adopt SCAP version 1.2 capabilities within their offerings. The intended audience for this document is individuals who have responsibilities for maintaining or verifying the security of systems in operational environments.

The public comment period closed on February 17, 2012
Questions? Send email to : 800-117comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-117 Rev. 1

Jan 06, 2012

NISTIR 7799

DRAFT Continuous Monitoring Reference Model Workflow, Subsystem, and Interface Specifications

NIST announces the public comment release of Draft NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7799, Continuous Monitoring Reference Model Workflow, Subsystem, and Interface Specifications. This publication provides the technical specifications for the continuous monitoring (CM) reference model presented in NIST IR 7756. These specifications enable multi-instance CM implementations, hierarchical tiers, multi-instance dynamic querying, sensor tasking, propagation of policy, policy monitoring, and policy compliance reporting. A major focus of the specifications is on workflows that describe the coordinated operation of all subsystems and components within the model. Another focus is on subsystem specifications that enable each subsystem to play its role within the workflows. The final focus is on interface specifications that supply communication paths between subsystems. These three sets of specifications (workflows, subsystems, and interfaces) are written to be data domain agnostic, which means that they can be used for CM regardless of the data domain that is being monitored.

The public comment period closed on February 17, 2012
Questions? Send email to : fe-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 7799

Jan 06, 2012

NISTIR 7756

DRAFT CAESARS Framework Extension: An Enterprise Continuous Monitoring Technical Reference Architecture

NIST announces the second public comment release of Draft NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7756, CAESARS Framework Extension: An Enterprise Continuous Monitoring Technical Reference Architecture. This publication presents an enterprise continuous monitoring technical reference architecture that extends the framework provided by the Department of Homeland Security's CAESARS architecture. The goal is to facilitate enterprise continuous monitoring by presenting a reference architecture that enables organizations to aggregate collected data from across a diverse set of security tools, analyze that data, perform scoring, enable user queries, and provide overall situational awareness. The model design is focused on enabling organizations to realize this capability by leveraging their existing security tools and thus avoiding complicated and resource intensive custom tool integration efforts.

The public comment period closed on February 17, 2012
Questions? Send email to : fe-comments@nist.gov

Draft NISTIR 7756 (2nd public draft)

Dec 08, 2011

SP 800-155

DRAFT BIOS Integrity Measurement Guidelines

NIST announces the public comment release of NIST Special Publication 800-155, BIOS Integrity Measurement Guidelines. This document outlines the security components and security guidelines needed to establish a secure Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) integrity measurement and reporting chain. BIOS is a critical security component in systems due to its unique and privileged position within the personal computer (PC) architecture. A malicious or outdated BIOS could allow or be part of a sophisticated, targeted attack on an organization -either a permanent denial of service (if the BIOS is corrupted) or a persistent malware presence (if the BIOS is implanted with malware). The guidelines in this document are intended to facilitate the development of products that can detect problems with the BIOS so that organizations can take appropriate remedial action to prevent or limit harm. The security controls and procedures specified in this document are oriented to desktops and laptops deployed in an enterprise environment.

The public comment period closed on January 20, 2012
Questions? Send email to : 800-155comments@nist.gov

Draft SP 800-155

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