# Glossary

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#### Bits Of Security

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##### Security Strength
A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system. Sometimes referred to as a security level.
Source(s): FIPS 186-4   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system. In this policy, security strength is specified in bits and is a specific value from the set {80, 112, 128, 192, 256}.
Source(s): CNSSI 4009-2015   A number associated with the amount of work (e.g., the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-102   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system. If 2N execution operations of the algorithm (or system) are required to break the cryptographic algorithm, then the security strength is N bits.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-107   A measure of the computational complexity associated with recovering certain secret and/or security-critical information concerning a given cryptographic algorithm from known data (e.g. plaintext/ciphertext pairs for a given encryption algorithm). In this Recommendation, the security strength of a key derivation function is measured by the work required to distinguish the output of the KDF from a bit string selected uniformly at random from the set of all bit strings with the same length as the output of the KDF, under the assumption that the key derivation key is the only unknown input to the KDF.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-108   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the base 2 logarithm of the minimum number of operations) that is required to cryptanalyze a cryptographic algorithm or system.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-130   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of basic operations of some sort) required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system. Security strength is often expressed in bits. If the security strength is S bits, then it is expected that (roughly) 2S basic operations are required to break the algorithm or system.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-133   A number associated with the expected amount of work (that is, the base 2 logarithm of the number of operations) to cryptanalyze a cryptographic algorithm or system.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-152   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system. In this Recommendation, the security strength is specified in bits and is a specific value from the set {80, 112, 128, 192, 256}.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-57 Part 1 Rev. 3   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations of some sort) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system in some way. In this Recommendation, the security strength is specified in bits and is a specific value from the set {112, 128, 192, 256}. If the security strength associated with an algorithm or system is S bits, then it is expected that (roughly) 2S basic operations are required to break it.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-90A Rev. 1   A number associated with the amount of work (that is, the number of operations) that is required to break a cryptographic algorithm or system.
Source(s): NIST SP 800-56A Rev. 2 NIST SP 800-56B Rev. 1