Measuring Security Risk in Enterprise Networks

Security Risk Analysis Using Attack Graphs

An essential type of security risk analysis is to determine the level of compromise possible for important hosts in a network from a given starting location. This is a complex task as it depends on the network topology, security policy in the network as determined by the placement of firewalls, routers and switches and on vulnerabilities in hosts and communication protocols. Traditionally, this type of analysis is performed by a red team of computer security professionals who actively test the network by running exploits that compromise the system. Red team exercises are effective,  however they are labor intensive and time consuming. There is a need for alternate approaches that can work with host vulnerability scans.

In this part of the project, we have developed techniques for security risk analysis that is based on the model of attack graphs and the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). Attack graphs illustrate the cumulative effect of attack steps, showing how individual steps can potentially enable an attacker to gain privileges deep within the network. CVSS is a risk measurement system that gives the likelihood that a single attack step is successfully executed.  We have developed a methodology to measure the overall system risk by combining the attack graph structure with CVSS. Our technique analyzes all attack paths through a network, providing a probabilistic metric of the overall system risk.

Created November 30, 2016, Updated June 22, 2020