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NISTIR 8401 (Draft)

Satellite Ground Segment: Applying the Cybersecurity Framework to Assure Satellite Command and Control

Date Published: April 18, 2022
Comments Due: June 20, 2022 (public comment period is CLOSED)
Email Questions to: pnt-eo@list.nist.gov


Suzanne Lightman (NIST), Theresa Suloway (MITRE), Joseph Brule (MITRE)


NIST recognizes the importance of the infrastructure that provides positioning, timing, and navigation (PNT) information to the scientific knowledge, economy, and security of the Nation. This infrastructure consists of three parts: the space segment, the ground segment, and the users of PNT. NIST now requests comments on a draft of a profile for the ground segment.

NIST IR 8401, Satellite Ground Segment: Applying the Cybersecurity Framework to Assure Satellite Command and Control, applies the NIST CSF to the ground segment of space operations. The document defines the ground segment, outlines its responsibilities, and presents a mapping to relevant information references. The Profile defined in this report provides a flexible framework for managing risk and addresses the goals of Space Policy Directive 5 (SPD-5) for securing space.

NOTE: A call for patent claims is included on page iv of this draft. For additional information, see the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) Patent Policy--Inclusion of Patents in ITL Publications.



control; critical infrastructure; Cybersecurity Framework; ground segment; risk management; space operations; telemetry; tracking
Control Families

None selected


NISTIR 8401 (Draft) (DOI)
Local Download

Supplemental Material:
None available

Document History:
04/18/22: NISTIR 8401 (Draft)
12/30/22: NISTIR 8401 (Final)