SCAP constructs to uniquely identify assets (components) based on known identifiers and/or known information about the assets.
NIST SP 800-128 under Asset Identification
The use of attributes and methods to uniquely identify an asset.
NISTIR 7693 under Asset Identification
The attributes and methods necessary for uniquely identifying a given asset. A full explanation of asset identification is provided in [NISTIR 7693].
NISTIR 7694 under Asset Identification