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personal identity verification (PIV)

Definition(s):

  A physical artifact (e.g., identity card, “smart” card) issued to a government individual that contains stored identity credentials (e.g., photograph, cryptographic keys, digitized fingerprint representation) so that the claimed identity of the cardholder can be verified against the stored credentials by another person (human readable and verifiable) or an automated process (computer readable and verifiable). PIV requirements are defined in FIPS PUB 201.
Source(s):
NIST SP 1800-21C under Personal Identity Verification (PIV)
CNSSI 4009-2015 [Superseded] from CNSSI 1300