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split knowledge


  2. A process by which a cryptographic key is split into multiple key components, individually sharing no knowledge of the original key, which can be subsequently input into, or output from, a cryptographic module by separate entities and combined to recreate the original cryptographic key.
CNSSI 4009-2015

  1. Separation of data or information into two or more parts, each part constantly kept under control of separate authorized individuals or teams so that no one individual or team will know the whole data.
CNSSI 4009-2015

  A process by which a cryptographic key is split into n key shares, each of which provides no knowledge of the key. The shares can be subsequently combined to create or recreate a cryptographic key or to perform independent cryptographic operations on the data to be protected using each key share. If knowledge of k (where k is less than or equal to n) shares is required to construct the key, then knowledge of any k – 1 key shares provides no information about the key other than, possibly, its length.
NIST SP 800-57 Part 1 Rev. 5 under Split knowledge