As we push computers to “the edge” building an increasingly complex world of interconnected systems and devices, security and privacy continue to dominate the national conversation. The Defense Science Board in its 2013 report, Resilient Military Systems and the Advanced Cyber Threat, provides a sobering assessment of the current vulnerabilities in the United States Government, the U.S. critical infrastructure, and the systems that support the mission-essential operations and assets in the public and private sectors.
“…The Task Force notes that the cyber threat to U.S. critical infrastructure is outpacing efforts to reduce pervasive vulnerabilities, so that for the next decade at least the United States must lean significantly on deterrence to address the cyber threat posed by the most capable U.S. adversaries. It is clear that a more proactive and systematic approach to U.S. cyber deterrence is urgently needed…”
There is an urgent need to further strengthen the underlying information systems, component products, and services that we depend on in every sector of the critical infrastructure—ensuring that those systems, products, and services are sufficiently trustworthy throughout the system development life cycle (SDLC) and can provide the necessary resilience to support the economic and national security interests of the United States. System modernization, the aggressive use of automation, and the consolidation, standardization, and optimization of federal systems and networks to strengthen the protection for high-value assets, are key objectives for the federal government.
Executive Order (E.O.) 13800, Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure recognizes the increasing interconnectedness of Federal information systems and requires agency heads to ensure appropriate risk management not only for the Federal agency’s enterprise, but also for the Executive Branch as a whole. The E.O. states:
“…The executive branch operates its information technology (IT) on behalf of the American people. Its IT and data should be secured responsibly using all United States Government capabilities...”
“…Cybersecurity risk management comprises the full range of activities undertaken to protect IT and data from unauthorized access and other cyber threats, to maintain awareness of cyber threats, to detect anomalies and incidents adversely affecting IT and data, and to mitigate the impact of, respond to, and recover from incidents…”
OMB Memorandum M-17-25 provides implementation guidance to Federal agencies for E.O. 13800. The memorandum states:
“… An effective enterprise risk management program promotes a common understanding for recognizing and describing potential risks that can impact an agency’s mission and the delivery of services to the public. Such risks include, but are not limited to, strategic, market, cyber, legal, reputational, political, and a broad range of operational risks such as information security, human capital, business continuity, and related risks…”
“… Effective management of cybersecurity risk requires that agencies align information security management processes with strategic, operational, and budgetary planning processes…”
This update to NIST Special Publication 800-37 (Revision 2) responds to the call by the Defense Science Board, Executive Order 13800, and OMB Memorandum M-17-25 to develop the next-generation Risk Management Framework (RMF) for information systems, organizations, and individuals.
There are seven major objectives for this update:
- Provide closer linkage and communication between the risk management processes and activities at the C-suite or governance level of the organization and the individuals, processes, and activities at the system and operational level of the organization;
- Institutionalize critical organization-wide risk management preparatory activities to facilitate a more effective, efficient, and cost-effective execution of the RMF;
- Demonstrate how the Cybersecurity Framework can be aligned with the RMF and implemented using established NIST risk management processes;
- Integrate privacy risk management concepts and principles into the RMF and support the use of the consolidated security and privacy control catalog in NIST Special Publication 800-53 Revision 5;
- Promote the development of trustworthy secure software and systems by aligning life cycle-based systems engineering processes in NIST Special Publication 800-160 with the steps in the RMF;
- Integrate supply chain risk management (SCRM) concepts into the RMF to protect against untrustworthy suppliers, insertion of counterfeits, tampering, unauthorized production, theft, insertion of malicious code, and poor manufacturing and development practices throughout the SDLC; and
- Provide an alternative organization-generated control selection approach to complement the traditional baseline control selection approach.
A public comment period for this draft document is open until June 22, 2018.