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Security Aspects of Electronic Voting


The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002 was passed by Congress to encourage the upgrade of voting equipment across the United States. HAVA established the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) and the Technical Guidelines Development Committee (TGDC), chaired by the Director of NIST, was well as a Board of Advisors and Standard Board. HAVA calls on NIST to provide technical support to the EAC and TGDC in efforts related to human factors, security, and laboratory accreditation. The Information Technology Laboratory supports the activities of the EAC and TGDC related to voting equipment security. Researchers in the Applied Cybersecurity Division and Computer Security Division conduct research into security issues in election systems and identify standards, guidelines and technologies that can improve the security of these systems.

For more information on NIST’s efforts related to HAVA, see

For a source of information, visit NIST Election Security page.



Nelson Hastings - NIST

Gema Howell - NIST


Applications: voting

Laws and Regulations: Help America Vote Act

Created January 31, 2017, Updated October 03, 2023