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NIST SP 800-223 (Initial Public Draft)

High-Performance Computing (HPC) Security: Architecture, Threat Analysis, and Security Posture

Date Published: February 6, 2023
Comments Due: April 7, 2023 (public comment period is CLOSED)
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Yang Guo (NIST), Ramaswamy Chandramouli (NIST), Lowell Wofford (, Rickey Gregg (HPCMP), Gary Key (HPCMP), Antwan Clark (Laboratory for Physical Sciences), Catherine Hinton (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Andrew Prout (MIT Lincoln Laboratory), Albert Reuther (MIT Lincoln Laboratory), Ryan Adamson (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Aron Warren (Sandia National Laboratories), Purushotham Bangalore (University of Alabama), Erik Deumens (University of Florida), Csilla Farkas (University of South Carolina)


Executive Order 13702 established the National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI) to maximize the benefits of high-performance computing (HPC) for economic competitiveness and scientific discovery. Securing HPC systems is challenging due to their size; performance requirements; diverse and complex hardware, software, and applications; varying security requirements; the nature of shared resources; and the continuing evolution of HPC systems.

Draft SP 800-223 provides guidance on standardizing and facilitating the sharing of HPC security postures by introducing a zone-based HPC system reference model that captures common features of HPC systems and serves as a foundation for a system lexicon. The draft also discusses HPC system threat analysis, security postures, challenges, and recommendations.

The public comment period for this initial public draft is open through April 7, 2022.  Additional information can be found at the NIST HPC Security Working Group website. A 3rd High-Performance Computing Workshop will be held March 15-16, 2023; see the event page for more details and a registration link.

NOTE: A call for patent claims is included on page ii of this document. For additional information, see the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) Patent Policy--Inclusion of Patents in ITL Publications.



high-performance computing (HPC); HPC security; HPC reference model; security guidance; HPC threat analysis; HPC security posture
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Supplemental Material:
HPC Security Project
3rd High-Performance Computing Workshop

Document History:
02/06/23: SP 800-223 (Draft)
02/09/24: SP 800-223 (Final)


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