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Projects

Showing 26 through 50 of 99 matching records.
Cybersecurity Risk Analytics CRA
NIST is working with stakeholders from across government, industry, and academia to research and prototype methods and tools to enable predictive risk analytics and identify cyber risk trends. NIST’s goal is to enable information sharing among risk owners about historical, current and future cyber risk conditions and is intended to help not only enhance existing cyber risk mitigation strategies but also improve and expand upon existing cybersecurity risk metrology efforts. We will be leveraging...
Cybersecurity Supply Chain Risk Management C-SCRM
NEW! Request for Information | Evaluating and Improving NIST Cybersecurity Resources: The NIST Cybersecurity Framework and Cybersecurity Supply Chain Risk Management  --> Latest updates: NIST Cybersecurity SCRM Fact Sheet (05/12/22) NIST updates Cybersecurity Supply Chain Risk Management Practices for Systems and Organizations guidance in NIST SP 800-161r1, which also helps fulfill NIST's responsibilities under E.O. 14028. (05/05/22) See the comments received from 132 organizations and...
DevSecOps
Upcoming workshop on DevSecOps! Join us on Monday, September 19 for a virtual workshop on DevSecOps from the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE). The workshop will bring together experts from the open-source community, industry, and government to discuss DevSecOps practices that should be considered in the NCCoE's proposed project on software supply chain and DevOps security.   DevOps brings together software development and operations to shorten development cycles, allow...
Digital Signatures
As an electronic analogue of a written signature, a digital signature provides assurance that: the claimed signatory signed the information, and the information was not modified after signature generation. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 186-4, Digital Signature Standard (DSS), specifies three NIST-approved digital signature algorithms: DSA, RSA, and ECDSA. All three are used to generate and verify digital signatures, in conjunction with an approved hash function specified...
Elliptic Curve Cryptography ECC
Elliptic curve cryptography is critical to the adoption of strong cryptography as we migrate to higher security strengths. NIST has standardized elliptic curve cryptography for digital signature algorithms in FIPS 186 and for key establishment schemes in SP 800-56A.  In FIPS 186-4, NIST recommends fifteen elliptic curves of varying security levels for use in these elliptic curve cryptographic standards. However, more than fifteen years have passed since these curves were first developed, and...
Enhanced Distributed Ledger Technology
Blockchains provide a strong mechanism to ensure that data blocks have not been altered, but this feature conflicts with many privacy requirements, such as those in GDPR, which allow users to have private data deleted at their request. The immutability property makes a blockchain solution impractical for many such privacy rules, leading to the need for "editable blockchains".   The blockchain immutability property was designed to solve the problem of double spending in cryptocurrencies.  But...
Entropy as a Service EaaS
Cryptography is critical for securing data at rest or in transit over the IoT. But cryptography fails when a device uses easy-to-guess (weak) keys generated from low-entropy random data. Standard deterministic computers have trouble producing good randomness, especially resource-constrained IoT-class devices that have little opportunity to collect local entropy before they begin network communications. The best sources of true randomness are based on unpredictable physical phenomena, such as...
Federal Cybersecurity and Privacy Professionals Forum
The Federal Cybersecurity and Privacy Professionals Forum is an informal group sponsored by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to promote the sharing of cybersecurity and privacy knowledge, best practices, and resources among U.S. federal, state, and local government, and higher education organizations.  The Federal Cybersecurity and Privacy Professionals Forum ("the Forum") maintains an extensive email list, and holds quarterly meetings - including an annual 2-day...
FIPS 140-3 Development
THIS PAGE IS FOR HISTORICAL PURPOSES ONLY SEE FIPS 140-3 TRANSITION EFFORT FOR THE CURRENT STATUS Approval of FIPS 140-3  |  SP 800-140x Development  |  Implementation Schedule  |  2015 RFI FIPS 140-3 approved On March 22, 2019, the Secretary of Commerce approved Federal Information Processing Standards Publication (FIPS) 140-3, Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules, which supersedes FIPS 140-2. This was announced in the Federal Register on May 1, 2019. FIPS 140-3 aligns with...
FIPS 140-3 Transition Effort FIPS 140-3
While FIPS 140-2 continues on through 2026, development to support and validate FIPS 140-3 modules must be in place by September 2020. This project addresses questions concerning the process of migrating from FIPS 140-2 to FIPS 140-3.  The transition process includes organizational, documentation and procedural changes necessary to update and efficiently manage the ever increasing list of security products that are tested for use in the US and Canadian governments.  Changes also support the...
FISMA Implementation Project
This FISMA Implementation Project link will automatically redirect you to FISMA (Federal Information Security Modernization Act (FISMA)) background information under the NIST Risk Management Framework project.
FISSEA - Federal Information Security Educators
[Redirect to https://www.nist.gov/itl/applied-cybersecurity/fissea] FISSEA, founded in 1987, is an organization run by and for Federal government information security professionals to assist Federal agencies in strengthening their employee cybersecurity awareness and training programs. FISSEA conducts an annual fee-based conference.
Hash Functions
Approved Algorithms Approved hash algorithms for generating a condensed representation of a message (message digest) are specified in two Federal Information Processing Standards: FIPS 180-4, Secure Hash Standard and FIPS 202, SHA-3 Standard: Permutation-Based Hash and Extendable-Output Functions.  FIPS 180-4 specifies seven hash algorithms: SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm-1), and the SHA-2 family of hash algorithms: SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512, SHA-512/224, and SHA-512/256. FIPS 202...
High-Performance Computing Security HPCS
In 2015, Executive Order 13702 established the National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI) to maximize the benefits of high-performance computing (HPC) for economic competitiveness and scientific discovery. The ability to process large volumes of data and perform complex calculations at high speeds is a key part of the nation's vision for maintaining its global competitive edge.  Security for HPC systems is an essential component of HPC to provide the anticipated benefits. Our goal is to...
Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board ISPAB
In January 1988, the Congress enacted the Computer Security Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-235). A provision of that law called for the establishment of the Computer System Security and Privacy Advisory Board (CSSPAB) within the Department of Commerce. In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended, 5 U.S.C., App., the Board was chartered in May 1988. In December 2002, Public Law 107-347, The E-Government Act of 2002, Title III, the Federal Information Security Management Act of...
Interoperable Randomness Beacons
The Interoperable Randomness Beacons project at NIST intends to promote the availability of trusted public randomness as a public utility. This can be used for example for auditability and transparency of services that depend on randomized processes. The project is spearheaded by the Cryptographic Technology Group in the Computer Security Division of the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL), and has counted with the participation of many collaborators over the years. WARNING: Do NOT use...
Key Management
Publications that discuss the generation, establishment, storage, use and destruction of the keys used NIST’s cryptographic algorithms Project Areas: Key Management Guidelines Key Establishment Cryptographic Key Management Systems Generally-speaking, there are two types of key establishment techniques: 1) techniques based on asymmetric (public key) algorithms, and 2) techniques based on symmetric (secret key) algorithms. However, hybrid techniques are also commonly used, whereby public...
Lightweight Cryptography
NIST has initiated a process to solicit, evaluate, and standardize lightweight cryptographic algorithms that are suitable for use in constrained environments where the performance of current NIST cryptographic standards is not acceptable. In August 2018, NIST published a call for algorithms (test vector generation code) to be considered for lightweight cryptographic standards with authenticated encryption with associated data (AEAD) and optional hashing functionalities. The deadline for...
Log Management
NIST is in the process of revising NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-92, Guide to Computer Security Log Management. Recent incidents have underscored how important it is for organizations to generate, safeguard, and retain logs of their system and network events, both to improve incident detection and to aid in incident response and recovery activities. Logs that are retained for an extended period of time may be the only record an organization has of what occurred during an incident to identify...
Low Power Wide Area IoT
Developing an IoT Laboratory based on LPWAN using LoRaWAN This project is developing a LoRaWAN infrastructure in order to study the security of communications based on Low Power Wide Area Networks, with the objective of Identifying and evaluating security vulnerabilities and countermeasures. Recent Accomplishments Wired IoT prototype for multiple IoT devices (temp sensors, others TBD). Survey of low power wide area networking. Architecture formulated for LPWAN-IoT at NIST. Preliminary...
macOS Security APPLE-OS
NIST has traditionally published secure configuration guides for Apple operating systems, e.g., NIST SP 800-179. The macOS Security Compliance Project (mSCP) seeks to simplify the macOS security development cycle by reducing the amount of effort required to implement security baselines. This collaboration between federal organizations minimizes the duplicate effort that would be required to administer individual security baselines. Additionally, the secure baseline content provided is easily...
Masked Circuits for Block-Ciphers
A main goal of circuit masking is to make more difficult the illegitimate exfiltration of secrets from a circuit evaluation. Masking schemes use secret-sharing of the input bits of a circuit and recompile the circuit logic to ensure that important properties of the secret sharing remain across the circuit evaluation. Recent documents: feedback 2021a compilation (updated 2022-Jan-27); project scope (updated 2022-Jan-24) Upcoming (2022/2023): Public Call for Concrete Masked Circuits After...
Measurements for Information Security
[Redirect to: https://www.nist.gov/cybersecurity/measurements-information-security] Every organization wants to gain maximum value and effect for its finite cybersecurity-related investments. This includes managing risk to the enterprise and optimizing the potential reward of cybersecurity policies, programs, and actions. Organizations frequently make go-ahead decisions by comparing scenarios that differ in projected cost with associated likely benefits and risk reduction. However, these...
Measuring Security Risk in Enterprise Networks
Enterprise networks have become essential to the operation of companies, laboratories, universities, and government agencies. As they continue to grow both in size and complexity, their security has become a critical concern. Vulnerabilities are regularly discovered in software applications which are exploited to stage cyber attacks. There is no objective way to measure the security of an enterprise network. As a result it is difficult to answer such objective questions as "are we more secure...
Message Authentication Codes MAC
The message authentication code (MAC) is generated from an associated message as a method for assuring the integrity of the message and the authenticity of the source of the message.  A secret key to the generation algorithm must be established between the originator of the message and its intended receiver(s). Approved Algorithms Currently, there are three (3) approved* general purpose MAC algorithms:  HMAC, KMAC and CMAC. Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) FIPS 198-1, The...

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